Home » What is Substance Use Disorder?
Substance use disorder (SUD) is a multifaceted and challenging condition, but not insurmountable. With the right treatment and support, individuals can regain control over their lives and embark on a transformative journey toward lasting recovery.
This guide addresses the following key issues to help you further your understanding of addiction:
For those wondering, “What is SUD?”, it is a complex medical condition characterized by the inability to control the use of a particular substance, even in the face of adverse consequences. Substance use disorder manifests as compulsive drug or alcohol misuse, with individuals persisting in their substance abuse despite the detrimental impact it has on many aspects of their lives.
The severity of SUD can vary, ranging from mild to severe, depending on the number of diagnostic criteria met. Mild SUD is characterized by the presence of two to three symptoms, moderate SUD by four to five symptoms, and severe SUD by six or more symptoms.
To diagnose SUD, APA (American Psychiatric Association) has established eleven criteria outlined in DSM-5-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, revised fifth edition). These substance use disorder symptoms provide a framework for understanding and assessing the presence of a substance use disorder. They include:
These criteria serve as valuable guidelines for healthcare professionals to accurately diagnose and evaluate the severity of SUD. Understanding the diagnostic criteria is crucial for effective treatment planning and intervention strategies, helping individuals overcome the challenges associated with SUD and regain control over their lives. By recognizing the signs and symptoms of a substance use disorder, individuals and their support networks can take the necessary steps to seek professional help, access appropriate treatment, and embark on a journey of recovery and well-being.
The following statistics on SUD disorder are sourced from NDSUH 2021, the latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health published by SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration).
Alcohol use disorder, opioid use disorder, and marijuana use disorder are three of the most common types of substance use disorders.
Other examples of substance disorders include stimulant use disorder, sedative, hypnotic, or anxiolytic use disorder, hallucinogen use disorder, and inhalant use disorder.
Substance use disorders can be grouped into four categories: CNS depressants (alcohol, benzos, sedatives), stimulants (cocaine, meth, prescription stimulants), hallucinogens (LSD, MDMA), and opioids (heroin, fentanyl, prescription painkillers).
The distinction between substance use disorder (SUD) and substance abuse is crucial, as they have distinct meanings and implications. SUD (also referred to as addiction) is a recognized medical condition with specific diagnostic criteria outlined in DSM-5-TR. To receive a diagnosis of SUD, an individual must meet at least two of the eleven criteria established by the DSM. On the other hand, substance abuse or substance misuse are terms used when a person engages in inappropriate or harmful substance use that negatively affects themselves and those around them. While substance abuse is not a diagnosable disorder itself, it is important to note that chronic substance abuse can potentially lead to the development of a substance use disorder.
When it comes to addressing substance use disorder, there are various treatment options available. The choice of treatment depends on several factors, including the severity of the addiction, individual needs, and personal circumstances. Here are some common treatment approaches for addiction disorder:
Treatment for substance use issues should be individualized and tailored to meet each person’s unique needs. A comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach, incorporating various treatment modalities, offers the best chance of successful recovery. By addressing the physical, psychological, and social aspects of addiction, individuals can gain the tools and support necessary to achieve lasting sobriety and improve their overall well-being.
If you’re seeking assistance in overcoming addictions and managing mental health conditions, Gratitude Lodge in Southern California is here to support you from detox to discharge and beyond. Our rehab centers, located in Newport Beach and Long Beach, CA, offer a holistic approach to recovery, and we even welcome pets.
At Gratitude Lodge, we prioritize your well-being from the start. Our supervised medical detox program ensures a safe and seamless transition as your body rids itself of addictive substances. Once detox is complete, you can seamlessly transition into one of our specialized treatment programs for substance use disorder:
Our comprehensive treatment programs encompass a range of evidence-based interventions, including:
Beyond this, we provide ongoing support through our aftercare services, which aim to help you maintain your recovery journey even after leaving our program. When it comes to your recovery, you can trust Gratitude Lodge. Take the first step by calling our admissions team at 888-861-1658. We’re here to guide you toward a life of gratitude and fulfillment.
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