Home » Is Codeine a Narcotic?
Is Codeine a Narcotic? Yes, Codeine is a naturally occurring opiate derived from the opium poppy plant, and it is classified as a Schedule II narcotic under the CSA (Controlled Substances Act) in the United States.
This guide is aimed at those who have questions like “Is codeine a narcotic”, “what is codeine used for” “does codeine help pain”, and “is codeine a drug”. We’ll get started with some codeine facts.
Codeine is a narcotic opioid pain reliever that is indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate pain. Codeine may also help reduce coughing.
You can find codeine in single-ingredient tablets or multi-ingredient products that also contain OTC pain relievers or cold medicines. There are many drugs with codeine.
Like all Schedule II controlled substances, codeine has some medical applications, but it also has a high potential for opioid abuse and addiction.
Codeine is an opioid painkiller that is prescribed to treat mild or moderate pain. Codeine is derived from the seed pods of the opium poppy plant and belongs to the class of drugs known as opioids.
Codeine is an alkaloid that occurs in opium, the dried latex taken from opium poppy plant seed pods. Codeine drugs are available in the form of tablets, capsules, or syrups. Codeine is frequently combined with other medications like acetaminophen and ibuprofen to enhance its pain-relieving properties.
What does codeine do, then, and does codeine help pain?
What is codeine prescribed for?
Codeine works by binding to specific receptors in the brain and nervous system, which reduces the perception of pain. Additionally, codeine can produce a sense of relaxation and mild euphoria. Codeine is a controlled substance and is classified as a Schedule II narcotic in the United States due to its high potential for abuse and addiction despite legitimate uses of codeine for pain.
In addition to its pain-relieving effects, codeine can also cause drowsiness, dizziness, and a feeling of well-being or euphoria. These effects can make codeine a popular drug of abuse, especially when used in higher doses than prescribed or when used without a prescription for codeine.
How is codeine used beyond pain relief?
Codeine is also used as a cough suppressant and as an antidiarrheal medication. In cough suppression, codeine works by reducing the activity of the cough reflex in the brain, while in antidiarrheal use, codeine slows down the contractions of the muscles in the digestive tract, which can reduce the frequency and intensity of diarrhea.
Codeine addiction can develop when someone starts to misuse the drug by taking it in higher doses or more frequently than prescribed by a doctor, or without a prescription altogether. This can lead to the development of physical and psychological dependence on the drug, which can cause withdrawal symptoms when the drug is suddenly stopped.
Over time, someone who is addicted to codeine may require higher doses to achieve the same effects, which can increase the risk of overdose and other adverse effects. Addiction to codeine can also be fueled by a desire to avoid unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, which can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, insomnia, and anxiety.
Other factors that can contribute to the development of codeine addiction include genetics, environmental factors, and mental health issues. People who have a family history of addiction or who have a history of trauma or mental health disorders may be more susceptible to developing an addiction to codeine or other substances.
The signs of codeine addiction can be grouped as follows:
The diagnostic criteria for codeine addiction outlined in DSM-5-TR are as follows:
While there is no cure for codeine addiction (opioid use disorder), it is a treatable condition.
While codeine addiction can be damaging, there are several evidence-based treatments that typically produce favorable outcomes. Here are some options available for those looking to initiate their recovery from opioid use disorder:
If you have developed an addiction to codeine, you can initiate a sustained recovery at Gratitude Lodge’ rehab center in Newport Beach and rehab center in Long Beach, CA.
Begin opioid addiction treatment in Southern California with a supervised medical detox program at our pet-friendly treatment centers. Take advantage of FDA-approved medications and 24/7 clinical care to streamline codeine withdrawal. You can then transition into one of these ongoing codeine addiction treatment programs:
All Gratitude Lodge treatment programs combine science-backed and holistic interventions that include:
When you are ready to move beyond codeine addiction, call admissions at 888-861-1658 for immediate assistance.
Use Our 24 Hour text line. You can ask questions about our program, the admissions process, and more.